Metal Forming – Deform

Metal Forming – Deform

DEFORM is utilized for manufacturing, cold heading, machining, heat treatment, rolling, mechanical joining and an extensive variety of different applications.

DEFORM offers adaptable bundling to give an ideal solution for your modeling prerequisites. Common system components are used all through. Application-particular GUIs (graphical UI) simplify information input and postprocessing.

DEFORM Premier

DEFORM Premier is an extensive “best in class” process simulation system intended to examine complex metal shaping procedures, microstructure and grain development, transient warm reaction, residual stress and distortion. DEFORM Premier incorporates the shaping, thermal and heat treatment abilities of the DEFORM Systems, Typical applications include:

  • Forging – machining
  • Extrusion
  • Cogging
  • Rolling
  • Heading
  • Compaction
  • Ring rolling
  • Drawing
  • Upsetting
  • Heat treatment
  • Die stress analysis
  • Residual stress

Utilizing limited component strategies, DEFORM has turned out to be precise and robust in modern industrial applications for over twenty years. The FEM engine is equipped for foreseeing  large deformation material flow and thermal behavior amazing precision.

DEFORM-3D is an ‘open framework’ that gives extraordinary adaptability to analysts and designers working on a wide range of different applications, advancement and research. DEFORM-3D underpins user defined variables and user routines. Complex numerous deforming capacity with self-assertive contact permits clients to reenact mechanical joining and die stress analysis.

DEFORM 3D

DEFORM™-3D is an effective procedure simulation framework intended to dissect the three-dimensional (3D) stream of complex metal shaping procedures. DEFORM™-3D is an effective and practical tool to anticipate the material flow in industrial forming operations without the high cost and delay of shop trials. Common applications include:

  • Closed die forging
  • Open die forging
  • Machining
  • Rolling
  • Extrusion
  • Heading
  • Drawing
  • Cogging
  • Compaction
  • Upsetting  

DEFORM 3D Machining

DEFORM 3D is a capable process simulation system intended to break down the three-dimensional (3D) stream of complex assembling forms. DEFORM 3D is a productive and practical device to foresee the material stream in large-deformation processes without the high cost and delay of shop trails. Typical applications include:

  • Turning
  • Boring
  • Grooving
  • Milling
  • Drilling
  • Powder pressing
  • Forging
  • Heading
  • Heat treatment

DEFORM 2D

DEFORM™-2D is a powerful process simulation framework intended to break down the two-dimensional (2D) stream of complex metal shaping procedures utilizing an axisymmetric or plane strain supposition. Typical applications include:

  • Closed die forging
  • Open die forging
  • Machining
  • Rolling
  • Extrusion
  • Heading
  • Drawing
  • Cogging
  • Compaction
  • Upsetting 

DEFORM™-2D is an ‘open framework’ that gives unbelievable adaptability to architects and experts chipping away at a scope of utilizations, advancement and research. DEFORM™-2D supports client schedules and client defined variables. Multiple complex deforming body capability with subjective contact permits clients to reenact mechanical joining and coupled die stress analysis.

FORMING EXPRESS (3D)

FORMING EXPRESS (3D) is an easy-to-use three-dimensional modeling system capable of analyzing forging, cold heading, extrusion, drawing, upsetting and other common processes.

FORMING EXPRESS (2D)

FORMING EXPRESS (2D) is an easy-to-use 2D system capable of analyzing forging, cold heading, extrusion, drawing and upsetting for axisymmetric (round) and plane strain cases.

DEFORM™-HT

DEFORM™-HT is an intense stand-alone finite element modeling framework for reenacting heat treatment processes. The framework predicts thermal, mechanical and metallurgical reactions of parts amid heat treatment. Heat treat distortion, residual stresses, quench cracking can be anticipated. The framework can likewise give data on phase transformation and phase fraction and volume. A wide range of materials, running from carbon steel and aluminum to titanium and nickel-based combinations, can be demonstrated. Typical heat treatment forms include: – normalizing – austenizing – carburizing – arrangement medicines – extinguishing – hardening – maturing – stretch easing The Microstructure Module extends the capacities of DEFORM-2D and DEFORM-3D to incorporate an extensive variety of microstructure and mechanical property data. Two methodologies for demonstrating microstructure development amid thermo-mechanical handling are executed in DEFORM.

DEFORM FORMING MODULES

Ring Rolling

Ring Rolling simulation is available as a module that runs with DEFORM-3D.

Ring Rolling has been one of the most computationally demanding simulations in metal forming.

Cogging

The Cogging module runs in conjunction with DEFORM-3D.

The Cogging module enables a user to set up cogging simulation in minutes.

Shape Rolling

The Shape Rolling module runs in conjunction with DEFORM-3D.

Shape Rolling in DEFORM has been used to predict, folds, underfill, spread, bowing, end effects, and torque.

Extrusion

The Extrusion module runs in conjunction with DEFORM-3D.

The Extrusion module provides users with a streamlined GUI for setting up extrusion simulations to run all three methods (UL, SS, ALE).

Deform Applications

Cross Wedge Rolling

DEFORM™ can be utilized to streamline the rolled shape in the blocker or finished forging dies. This ordinarily brings about a significantly higher material yield than customary preforms. Once the objective shape is created, DEFORM-3D can be utilized to recreate the cross wedge rolling process. The FEM engine incorporates exceptional demonstrating methods to improve speed, exactness and power of this procedure.

DEFORM assumes a solid part in quickening the expectation to learn and adapt as organizations move into new assembling strategies, for example, cross wedge rolling.

Disk Microstructure

Microstructure forecasts are accessible with both JMAK and CA (cell automata) models in DEFORM™-2D with the Microstructure Module

The models can represent dynamic recrystallization, static recrystallization, metadynamic recrystallization and grain development.

These models speak to the ‘best in class’ in microstructure prepare reproduction.

Flange Bolt

DEFORM™-3D used to upgrade the cold forming of the flange bolt from round steel wire utilizing a four-blow movement on a high speed cold header.

The first outline/process was recreated. DEFORM gave grain flow, plastic strain and damage models to the User, which associated well with the known quality issue (flexible break) of the first outline. Upgrades were reenacted, with a target of diminishing the Damage value.

The reproduced models cost less than shop trials, as no tooling is required. In cases with occasional failures, the field factors can be utilized to survey the likelihood of a change for a given outline. DEFORM simulations of this sort of process can be run quicker than shop trials requiring new tooling (one day versus days or weeks). All the more vitally, DEFORM gives more data than any shop trial.

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